文献资料菜单

如何在 Puppeteer 或 Selenium 中使用 Anti-Captcha 插件

对于浏览器自动化,Puppeteer 和 Selenium 是两个主要引擎,而我们的插件则可紧密集成到这两个引擎中。本文将说明如何在 Puppeteer 和 Selenium 中将我们的插件分别用在 NodeJS 和 Python 编程语言中。如果要在二者之间进行选择,则强烈建议选用 NodeJS+Puppeteer,因为其环境是原生态环境。

1.安装所依赖的组件。对于 NodeJS,只须安装下面指定的 npm 程序包;对于 Python,请安装程序包并在页面中下载可执行文件“chromedriver”。驱动程序版本必须与安装在系统中的 Chrome 版本相符。

NodeJS
          npm install adm-zip puppeteer puppeteer-extra puppeteer-extra-plugin-stealth
        
Python
          pip install selenium
        

2.下载适用于 Chrome 的 ZIP 版插件,将其解压缩到项目文件夹中。实际版本位于此处。也可以编程的方式下载:

NodeJS
          //npm install adm-zip
const https = require('https')
const fs = require('fs');
const AdmZip = require("adm-zip");

const pluginURL = 'https://antcpt.com/anticaptcha-plugin.zip';

(async () => {
    // 下载插件
    await new Promise((resolve) => {
        https.get(pluginURL, resp => resp.pipe(fs.createWriteStream('./plugin.zip').on('close', resolve)));
    })
    // 将其解压缩
    const zip = new AdmZip("./plugin.zip");
    await zip.extractAllTo("./plugin/", true);
})();
        
Python
          import urllib.request
import zipfile

url = 'https://antcpt.com/anticaptcha-plugin.zip'
# 下载插件
filehandle, _ = urllib.request.urlretrieve(url)
# 将其解压缩
with zipfile.ZipFile(filehandle, "r") as f:
    f.extractall("plugin")
        

3.然后在 ./plugin/js/config_ac_api_key.js 文件中配置 API 密钥。可在客户区找到 API 密钥。余额必须为正数才能使其发挥作用。

NodeJS
          const apiKey = 'API_KEY_32_BYTES';
if (fs.existsSync('./plugin/js/config_ac_api_key.js')) {
    let confData = fs.readFileSync('./plugin/js/config_ac_api_key.js', 'utf8');
    confData = confData.replace(/antiCapthaPredefinedApiKey = ''/g, `antiCapthaPredefinedApiKey = '${apiKey}'`);
    fs.writeFileSync('./plugin/js/config_ac_api_key.js', confData, 'utf8');
} else {
    console.error('plugin configuration not found!')
}
        
Python
          from pathlib import Path
import zipfile

# 在配置文件中设置 API 密钥
api_key = "API_KEY_32_BYTES"
file = Path('./plugin/js/config_ac_api_key.js')
file.write_text(file.read_text().replace("antiCapthaPredefinedApiKey = ''", "antiCapthaPredefinedApiKey = '{}'".format(api_key)))

# 将插件目录再次压缩到 plugin.zip 中
zip_file = zipfile.ZipFile('./plugin.zip', 'w', zipfile.ZIP_DEFLATED)
for root, dirs, files in os.walk("./plugin"):
        for file in files:
            path = os.path.join(root, file)
            zip_file.write(path, arcname=path.replace("./plugin/", ""))
zip_file.close()
        

4.初始化装有插件的浏览器。对于 Puppeteer,建议将插件“puppeteer-extra-plugin-stealth”用于“puppeteer-extra”程序包,该插件可隐藏所有通过网络自动化 Chromium 浏览器的迹象。

NodeJS
          //npm install puppeteer puppeteer-extra puppeteer-extra-plugin-stealth
const puppeteer = require('puppeteer-extra');
const StealthPlugin = require('puppeteer-extra-plugin-stealth');
puppeteer.use(StealthPlugin());

(async () => {
    const browser = await puppeteer.launch({
        headless: false,
        ignoreDefaultArgs: [
            "--disable-extensions",
            "--enable-automation"
        ],
        args: [
            '--disable-web-security',
            '--disable-features=IsolateOrigins,site-per-process',
            '--allow-running-insecure-content',
            '--disable-blink-features=AutomationControlled',
            '--no-sandbox',
            '--mute-audio',
            '--no-zygote',
            '--no-xshm',
            '--window-size=1920,1080',
            '--no-first-run',
            '--no-default-browser-check',
            '--disable-dev-shm-usage',
            '--disable-gpu',
            '--enable-webgl',
            '--ignore-certificate-errors',
            '--lang=en-US,en;q=0.9',
            '--password-store=basic',
            '--disable-gpu-sandbox',
            '--disable-software-rasterizer',
            '--disable-background-timer-throttling',
            '--disable-backgrounding-occluded-windows',
            '--disable-renderer-backgrounding',
            '--disable-infobars',
            '--disable-breakpad',
            '--disable-canvas-aa',
            '--disable-2d-canvas-clip-aa',
            '--disable-gl-drawing-for-tests',
            '--enable-low-end-device-mode',
            '--disable-extensions-except=./plugin',
            '--load-extension=./plugin'
        ]
    });
    const page = await browser.newPage();
})();
        
Python
          from selenium import webdriver

options = webdriver.ChromeOptions()
options.add_extension('./plugin.zip')

browser = webdriver.Chrome('./chromedriver', options=options)
        

5.转到目标网页并按需填写窗体。插件会自动获取 Recaptcha 谜题并开始对其进行破解。

NodeJS
          (async () => {
    const url = 'https://anti-captcha.com/tutorials/v2-textarea';
    const login = 'Test login';
    const password = 'Test password';

    try {
        await page.goto(url, {
            waitUntil: "networkidle0"
        });
    } catch (e) {
        console.error('err while loading the page: '+e);
    }
    // 禁止产生导航超时错误
    await page.setDefaultNavigationTimeout(0);

    await page.$eval('#login', (element, login) => {
        element.value = login;
    }, login);
    await page.$eval('#password', (element, password) => {
        element.value = password;
    }, password);

})();
        
Python
          browser.get('https://anti-captcha.com/tutorials/v2-textarea')

# filling form
browser.find_element_by_css_selector('#login').send_keys('Test login')
browser.find_element_by_css_selector('#password').send_keys('Test password')

        

6.下一步有些棘手。对于某些网页窗体,用户必须在破解 Recaptcha 谜题后按提交按钮;其他窗体则采用回调的方式,自动提交网页窗体内容。对于第一种情况,我们需要在破解 Recaptcha 谜题后立即按提交按钮。为了在合适的时间按提交按钮,只须等到选择器 .antigate_solver.solved 弹出后再按提交按钮即可。

NodeJS
          // 等待“已破解”选择器弹出
await page.waitForSelector('.antigate_solver.solved').catch(error => console.log('failed to wait for the selector'));
console.log('已破解的 Recaptcha 谜题');

// 按提交按钮
await Promise.all([
    page.click('#submitButton'),
    page.waitForNavigation({ waitUntil: "networkidle0" })
]);
console.log('任务已完成,已绕过有 Recaptcha 谜题的窗体');
        
Python
          # 等待“已破解”选择器弹出
webdriver.support.wait.WebDriverWait(browser, 120).until(lambda x: x.find_element_by_css_selector('.antigate_solver.solved'))
# 按提交按钮
browser.find_element_by_css_selector('#submitButton').click()
        

大功告成,窗体填写完毕,Recaptcha 谜题破解完毕并已绕过。全部代码的示例:

NodeJS
          // first run the following to install required npm packages:
//
// npm install adm-zip follow-redirects puppeteer puppeteer-extra puppeteer-extra-plugin-stealth
//
//
const https = require('follow-redirects').https;
const fs = require('fs');
const AdmZip = require("adm-zip");

const apiKey = 'YOUR_API_KEY_HERE!';
const pluginURL = 'https://antcpt.com/anticaptcha-plugin.zip';
const url = 'https://anti-captcha.com/tutorials/v2-textarea';
const login = 'Test login';
const password = 'Test password';
let page = null;


const puppeteer = require('puppeteer-extra');
const StealthPlugin = require('puppeteer-extra-plugin-stealth');
puppeteer.use(StealthPlugin());

(async () => {
    // 下载插件
    await new Promise((resolve) => {
        https.get(pluginURL, resp => resp.pipe(fs.createWriteStream('./plugin.zip').on('close', resolve)));
    })
    // 将其解压缩
    const zip = new AdmZip("./plugin.zip");
    await zip.extractAllTo("./plugin/", true);

    // 在配置文件中设置 API 密钥
    await new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
        if (fs.existsSync('./plugin/js/config_ac_api_key.js')) {
            let confData = fs.readFileSync('./plugin/js/config_ac_api_key.js', 'utf8');
            confData = confData.replace(/antiCapthaPredefinedApiKey = ''/g, `antiCapthaPredefinedApiKey = '${apiKey}'`);
            fs.writeFileSync('./plugin/js/config_ac_api_key.js', confData, 'utf8');
            resolve();
        } else {
            console.error('plugin configuration not found!')
            reject();
        }
    });

    // 设置浏览器启动选项
    const options = {
        headless: false,
        ignoreDefaultArgs: [
            "--disable-extensions",
            "--enable-automation"
        ],
        args: [
            '--disable-web-security',
            '--disable-features=IsolateOrigins,site-per-process',
            '--allow-running-insecure-content',
            '--disable-blink-features=AutomationControlled',
            '--no-sandbox',
            '--mute-audio',
            '--no-zygote',
            '--no-xshm',
            '--window-size=1920,1080',
            '--no-first-run',
            '--no-default-browser-check',
            '--disable-dev-shm-usage',
            '--disable-gpu',
            '--enable-webgl',
            '--ignore-certificate-errors',
            '--lang=en-US,en;q=0.9',
            '--password-store=basic',
            '--disable-gpu-sandbox',
            '--disable-software-rasterizer',
            '--disable-background-timer-throttling',
            '--disable-backgrounding-occluded-windows',
            '--disable-renderer-backgrounding',
            '--disable-infobars',
            '--disable-breakpad',
            '--disable-canvas-aa',
            '--disable-2d-canvas-clip-aa',
            '--disable-gl-drawing-for-tests',
            '--enable-low-end-device-mode',
            '--disable-extensions-except=./plugin',
            '--load-extension=./plugin'
        ]
    }

    try {
        // 启动装有插件的浏览器
        const browser = await puppeteer.launch();
        page = await browser.newPage();
    } catch (e) {
        console.log('could not launch browser: '+e.toString())
        return;
    }

    // 转到目标网页
    try {
        await page.goto(url, {
            waitUntil: "networkidle0"
        });
    } catch (e) {
        console.error('err while loading the page: '+e);
    }

    // 禁止产生导航超时错误
    await page.setDefaultNavigationTimeout(0);

    // 填写窗体
    await page.$eval('#login', (element, login) => {
        element.value = login;
    }, login);
    await page.$eval('#password', (element, password) => {
        element.value = password;
    }, password);

    // 等待“已破解”选择器弹出
    await page.waitForSelector('.antigate_solver.solved').catch(error => console.log('failed to wait for the selector'));
    console.log('已破解的 Recaptcha 谜题');

    // 按提交按钮
    await Promise.all([
        page.click('#submitButton'),
        page.waitForNavigation({ waitUntil: "networkidle0" })
    ]);
    console.log('已破解的 Recaptcha 谜题');

})();
        
Python
          import urllib.request
import zipfile
import os
from pathlib import Path
from selenium import webdriver

# 下载插件
url = 'https://antcpt.com/anticaptcha-plugin.zip'
filehandle, _ = urllib.request.urlretrieve(url)
# 将其解压缩
with zipfile.ZipFile(filehandle, "r") as f:
    f.extractall("plugin")

# 在配置文件中设置 API 密钥
api_key = "YOUR_API_KEY_HERE!"
file = Path('./plugin/js/config_ac_api_key.js')
file.write_text(file.read_text().replace("antiCapthaPredefinedApiKey = ''", "antiCapthaPredefinedApiKey = '{}'".format(api_key)))

# 将插件目录再次压缩到 plugin.zip 中
zip_file = zipfile.ZipFile('./plugin.zip', 'w', zipfile.ZIP_DEFLATED)
for root, dirs, files in os.walk("./plugin"):
        for file in files:
            path = os.path.join(root, file)
            zip_file.write(path, arcname=path.replace("./plugin/", ""))
zip_file.close()

# 设置浏览器启动选项
options = webdriver.ChromeOptions()
options.add_extension('./plugin.zip')

# 设置浏览器启动选项
browser = webdriver.Chrome('./chromedriver', options=options)

# 转到目标网页
browser.get('https://anti-captcha.com/tutorials/v2-textarea')

# 填写窗体
browser.find_element_by_css_selector('#login').send_keys('Test login')
browser.find_element_by_css_selector('#password').send_keys('Test password')

# 等待“已破解”选择器弹出
webdriver.support.wait.WebDriverWait(browser, 120).until(lambda x: x.find_element_by_css_selector('.antigate_solver.solved'))

# 按提交按钮
browser.find_element_by_css_selector('#submitButton').click()
        

还有一个窍门:无头模式中的插件运行很棘手,因为 Chrome 不支持通过插件进行的浏览器自动化。请使用名为 Xvfb 的实用工具,此工具可为应用程序提供虚拟桌面。

bash
          # 安装程序包
apt-get install -y xvfb

# 设置显示变量
export DISPLAY=:0

# 在后台启动 Xvfb 守护程序(仅启动一次)
/usr/bin/Xvfb :0 -screen 0 1024x768x24 &

# 稍等片刻,以使其弹出(仅等待一次)
sleep 5

# 对“node”或“python”脚本添加前缀“xvfb-run”
xvfb-run node myscript.js
# 或
xvfb-run python myscript.py